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मराठी व्याकरण : प्रयोग - grammatical voices

There are three grammatical voices (Prayog) in Marathi.

मराठीत तीन प्रयोग आहेत.

मराठी व्याकरण

  • कर्तरी प्रयोग refers to a sentence construction in which the verb changes according to the subject, which is comparable to the active voice in English.कर्तरी प्रयोग - कर्त्यानुसार क्रियापद बदलते.
Raam mhanato "Raam says", Raam aambaa khaato "Raam eats a mango" उदा. राम म्हणतो, राम आंबा खातो.
  • कर्मणी प्रयोग refers to a sentence construction in which the verb changes according to the object, which is like the passive voice in English. कर्मणी प्रयोग -कर्मानुसार क्रियापद बदलते.
Raamaane aambaa khallaa "The mango was eaten by Raam", Raamaane saangitale "It was told by Ram"उदा. रामाने आंबा खाल्ला, रामाने सांगितले.
  • भावे प्रयोग refers to a sentence construction in which the verb does not change according to either the subject or the object.
    भावे प्रयोग- कर्ता किंवा कर्म या दोन्हीमुळे देखील क्रियापद बदलत नाही.
Maajha nirop tyaala jaaun saang "Give my message to him"
उदा. माझा निरोप त्याला जाऊन सांगा.