प्रयोग - grammatical voices

There are three grammatical voices (Prayog) in Marathi.

मराठीत तीन प्रयोग आहेत.

  • कर्तरी प्रयोग refers to a sentence construction in which the verb changes according to the subject, which is comparable to the active voice in English.कर्तरी प्रयोग - कर्त्यानुसार क्रियापद बदलते.
Raam mhanato "Raam says", Raam aambaa khaato "Raam eats a mango" उदा. राम म्हणतो, राम आंबा खातो.
  • कर्मणी प्रयोग refers to a sentence construction in which the verb changes according to the object, which is like the passive voice in English. कर्मणी प्रयोग -कर्मानुसार क्रियापद बदलते.
Raamaane aambaa khallaa "The mango was eaten by Raam", Raamaane saangitale "It was told by Ram"उदा. रामाने आंबा खाल्ला, रामाने सांगितले.
  • भावे प्रयोग refers to a sentence construction in which the verb does not change according to either the subject or the object.
    भावे प्रयोग- कर्ता किंवा कर्म या दोन्हीमुळे देखील क्रियापद बदलत नाही.
उदा. राजाने त्याला सांगितले (की), (As) Told by Raja to him.
Also in imperative sentenses.
Maajha nirop tyaala jaaun saang "Give my message to him"
उदा. माझा निरोप त्याला जाऊन सांगा.